Environmental and Performance Impact of Direct use of Used Cooking Oil (EPID)


United Biscuits (lead): Fleet operator
Biomotive Fuels: UCO (Used Cooking Oil) Fuel and station provider
Leeds University: Vehicle emissions testing

Trial funded trucks:
10 UCO Mercedes Benz trucks with Bioltech dual fuel conversions operated by United Biscuits

Trial funded refuelling stations:
1 UCO station based in Ashby (at United Biscuits)

Project information:

The EPID project, led by United Biscuits with project partners Biomotive Fuels and the University of Leeds, aims to prove the benefits of used cooking oil (UCO) as a vehicle fuel. These benefits potentially include:

• Carbon savings 97% over fossil diesel (DfT calculator)
• UCO: diesel substitution rate, typically 85%
• Low operational impact/maintenance costs vs fossil diesel
The project is running 12 Mercedes Axor vehicles. Ten have been converted to dual fuel operation by United Buscuits VMU using Bioltec's dual fuel technology supplied by Biomotive Fuels, to run on Ultra biofuel blends. Two vehicles are running as diesel comparators. The University of Leed' School of Process Environmental and Materials Engineering is providing analytical support, including laboratory emissions testing of the vehicles.

United Biscuits (UB) is one of the world's pre-eminent branded snacks and biscuits businesses. They produce some of the best known and loved sweet and savoury biscuits and crackers to cakes and savoury snacks. Their unrivalled portfolio of brands has been meeting consumer needs for well over 100 years and includes such favourites as McVitie's, Jacob's, Carr's.
UB operate their own logistics function to distribute products across England, Scotland and Ireland from the Midlands Distribution Centre hub based at Ashby in Leicestershire.
UB's strategy is driving long-term sustainability in the business and sustainable performance for UB encompasses the key areas: Financial, Community and Environmental. The latter area provides the focus to enable UB to minimise their impact on the environment.
The LCTDT Project is a specific example of UB's commitment to achieving environmental sustainability and enables a significant reduction in transport carbon emissions whilst recycling waste vegetable oils from their production sites.

Biomotive Fuels
Biomotive is an SME operating in the waste to energy sector; they specialise in the recycling of used vegetable oils and fats into renewable transport fuels. Currently working in partnership with Convert2Green and bioltec GmbH, Biomotive supplies the Ultra biofuel and vehicle conversions for the LCTDT project. The Project, through the real world operation of the 44 tonne trucks in the UB fleet, allows Biomotive and partners to develop their capabilities, acquire greater knowledge and expand into the return to base heavy goods and bus transport market.

University of Leeds
The School of Process Environmental and Materials Engineering (SPEME) at the University of Leeds is one of the largest integrated multidisciplinary engineering schools in Europe and was ranked 3rd in the UK amongst general engineering Schools in the most recent UK RAE exercise. The vision of the Energy Research Institute (ERRI) within SPEME is "To be recognised for internationally leading research in the sustainable development of natural resources, the sustainable use of fossil fuels and the development of renewable and future fuels." SPEME is also home to the DTC for Low Carbon Technologies with a student cohort with a strong interest in low carbon transport who will have the opportunity to interact with the LCTDT project research programme and its future development.